|Tooth change is the demineralization of agency by the acid releasing bacteria. These acids cause the agency to decay. The change begins on the outmost surface of the agency and progresses to deeper layers.
Causes of Tooth Decay
Tooth change is not a dead occurring event. It occurs cod to a constantly performing cause such as poor oral habits. Poor oral hygiene causes manufacture of monument which is answerable for initiating change formation. The organisms answerable for causing agency change are Streptococcus Mutans and Lactobacillus.
These bacterium promulgation acids which initiates the change of the teeth. The leading cause of change is poor oral hygiene. Not hairdressing often and improper hairdressing leads to poor oral hygiene. Not rinsing after meals, unrestrained intake of starch and sugary diet, smoking also contributes to agency decay.
Symptoms of Tooth Decay
Initially, there are no symptoms of agency change dirt it has progressed extensively. A white chalky spot may appear on the agency which indicates dissolution of the outmost layer of agency which is the enamel. The white chalky spot appears in only few cases and not in all.
As the agency change progresses, this white chalky spot turns brown cod to further decay. The demineralization causes the Atlantic to become soft. The change progresses in to deeper layers. When the change has progressed in to deeper layers where nerves are present, it causes discompose and sensitivity.
Prevention of Tooth Decay
The best way to preclude dental change is by mass a comely oral care routine. This will ensure good oral hygiene which best keeps dental change at bay.
You don’t have to essay anything fancy to maintain a good oral hygiene. Just sticking to the basics of oral hygiene would do such as hairdressing your teeth two nowadays a day. Flossing your teeth at least rest every alternate day. Regular dental analyze ups by the dentist at least rest in three months.
When the enduring is at risk of developing agency decay, the dentist can take certain measures to protect the enduring such as:
-Topical Fluoride: Applying Fluoride in the form of Stannous Fluoride on the agency surface which prevents caries. This occurs cod to the strengthening of the enamel by manufacture of fluoropatite.
-Fissure Sealants (Dental Sealants): These are applied on manduction surfaces of the molars (which are at high risk of developing caries).This prevents Plaque formation. This is especially finished in children
Treatment of Tooth Decay
It is essential to refer whether limited habits are causing dental decay. These can be checked to preclude future occurrences of agency decay.
Fillings: The agency structure which has decayed cannot be recovered and must be replaced by a medication material. This treatment is called Filling or restoration. The decayed part of the agency is removed and filled by a suitable medication touchable such as amalgam or composite.
Root Canal Treatment (RCT): If agency change has progressed to the nerves, an RCT is suggested. The whole pulp is removed and filled with inert touchable and sealed. A cap is also applied in most cases.
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